09 Nov Can stem cells repair the damage caused by Multiple Sclerosis?
MS or Multiple sclerosis is a chronic condition that damages nerves in the brain and spinal cord. This is caused due to the body’s own immune system attacking the myelin (insulation around the nerves) in the nerve cells. As a result, neurological disabilities follow. While there is currently no cure for MS, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown great promise in treating nerve damage caused by the condition.
According to research, MSCs can help to regulate the immune response in Multiple Sclerosis patients. MSCs have powerful self-renewal capacity, in addition to immune-modulatory and neuro-regenerative properties. For instance, MSCs can be targeted to reach the site of damage, such as brain lesions, and improve the survival rate of brain cells. When administered systemically, stem cells also have the potential to improve quality of life and the severity of symptoms.
Stem cells can be extracted from various sources, including fat or adipose tissue. The mesenchymal stem cells derived from these tissues can potentially improves cognitive function and reduce disease severity, because of the stem cells’ anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective characteristics. While results may vary from patient to patient, studies have shown that stem cell therapy for those with compromised immune systems has the potential to delay the progression of MS in most patients. Overall, stem cell treatments have great potential to considerably improve treatment outcomes for people with MS.