Different Types of Hepatitis

Different Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a condition that causes swelling of the liver. A perpetually swollen liver can lead to many problems down the road, especially if it is not addressed. The liver’s main job is to filter blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it through the rest of the body. In addition, the liver detoxifies the blood and metabolizes drugs. As a result, when the liver is swollen, it cannot perform its functions optimally. This can lead to toxins and drugs to build up in the body, and lead to other problems. There are a variety of different types of hepatitis that people may experience, and each type has slightly different presentations and causes.



Auto-Immune Hepatitis


           Auto-immune hepatitis is a rare condition caused by an autoimmune problem. The reason some people develop auto-immune hepatitis and others do not is still unknown. Key symptoms of the condition include extreme fatigue, lack of appetite and weight loss, jaundice, nausea, and gastrointestinal problems. 


           There are two types of autoimmune hepatitis: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis is the most common. It is more prevalent in women ages 15-40. Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis is typically seen in girls ages 2-14. Fortunately, regenerative stem cell therapy is being studied for its ability to help those suffering from autoimmune hepatitis.

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Hepatitis A


           Hepatitis A is extremely contagious and typically leaves those affected with fatigue, nausea, joint pain, jaundice, and intense itching. Oftentimes, symptoms are mild and go away after a few weeks. It is most often caused by eating or drinking something that has been contaminated with fecal matter. It can also be spread by being in close contact with an infected person or having sex with an infected person. 


           Fortunately, hepatitis A does not cause long term liver damage and it does not become chronic. While it can cause sudden loss of liver function this is a rare side effect of the virus. The body clears hepatitis A on its own, and medical treatment is rarely required.


Hepatitis B


           Hepatitis B is another version of the virus. It is a more serious version of the disease and can become chronic in some people. If left untreated, hepatitis B can lead to permanent liver damage and liver failure. Fortunately, most adults to develop hepatitis B make a full recovery. 

           People who are suffering from hepatitis B often experience abdominal pain, dark urine, fever, joint pain, fatigue, and jaundice. Hepatitis B is most often caused by unprotected sex, sharing needles, or even mother to child transmission. An antibody injection soon after exposure can help patients to avoid illness.


Hepatitis C


           Hepatitis C is spread through contact with contaminated blood and can lead to permanent liver damage. Symptoms include bleeding easily, bruising easily, fatigue, poor appetite, jaundice, fluid buildup in the abdomen, and confusion. Hepatitis C can lead to scarring of the liver, liver cancer, and liver failure. 


           Hepatitis C treatment may include anti-virals, liver transplants, or vaccinations to avoid contracting the condition, to begin with. With stem cell therapy Chicago, current treatments are currently being tested in clinical trials to help people suffering from the condition. 

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