25 Jun How Do Stroke Patients Benefit From Stem Cells?
Stroke is a common medical emergency that occurs in the United States. It is the number five leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Many people use the terms “stroke” and “heart attack” interchangeably. While they have some of the same symptoms, they are very different and affect different parts of the body.
Stroke is a cerebrovascular occurrence meaning they affect the brain. While 80 percent of strokes are preventable, they are still a very real threat to many people. And, once a patient experiences a stroke, they can have lifelong disabilities. Fortunately, stem cell therapy can greatly help patients who have experienced a stroke.
There are a few different kinds of stroke a patient may experience. Ischemic strokes occur when blood flow to the brain is obstructed. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures. A transient ischemic attack is also known as a mini-stroke and occurs when there is a temporary clot in the brain. If you believe you or someone you love is suffering a stroke it is best to call 911 immediately. Early action during a stroke can make a big difference in the outcome for the patient.
Regardless of the type of stroke, most strokes present in the same manner. When blood flow to the brain is obstructed, brain cells immediately begin to die. This can lead to a person having trouble speaking or understanding speech, paralysis or numbness of the face or extremities, problems seeing, headache, or trouble walking. The symptoms are typically quickly onset and occur within a matter of minutes.
Strokes can happen to anyone. But, certain factors put some people at higher risk than others. This includes obesity, heavy drinking, use of drugs, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, high cholesterol, age, and genetics to name a few. Many people who experience stroke suffer from disability after the occurrence. This is often lifelong and treatments are primarily aimed at lessening the effect of the disability. Stroke treatment often includes physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and other specialists depending on what party of your body was adversely affected.
Stem cell therapy is very effective for ischemic stroke patients. Ischemic strokes often result is the paralysis of one side of the body. When stem cells are injected into a stroke patient, they can differentiate into neuron cells and re-establish connections with damaged brain regions. Patients who undergo stem cell therapy for stroke rehabilitation see a success rate of 55%.
Being a stroke patient can be a very scary experience. In addition to the events that happen during a stroke, knowing that you have suffered permanent disability can leave people feeling hopeless and scared. While there are therapies that exist to help stroke patients, they are not always effective in helping patients regain movement or regain their abilities before the stroke.
Luckily, stem cell therapy has been extremely helpful in helping stroke patients begin to recover and obtain a better quality of life.