What Is Stromal Vascular Fraction?

What Is Stromal Vascular Fraction?

Undergoing stem cell therapy is a process.  It is not quite as simple as walking into the doctor’s office, saying you want stem cell therapy, getting shot, and leaving.  However, it is almost quite that simple, albeit with a few more steps.  Stromal vascular fraction is the process used to extract stem cells from adipose tissue from a patient to be used on themselves.  It is one of the up and coming ways to obtain stem cells, especially for patients who wish to use their own stem cells during their therapy.  So what exactly is stromal vascular fraction, and how does it work?

Stromal vascular fraction is a by-product of harvesting adipose or fat from extra fatty tissue.  In this fraction, there are a large number of stem cells, which are thus called adipose-derived stem cells.  The cells that are derived from adipose are very similar to stem cells derived from bone marrow in that they can differentiate into a wide variety of cell types within the body.  Stromal vascular fraction is not only rich in stem cells.  It also contains significant amounts of T cells, B cells, macrophages, and other biologics that are important to the body’s natural healing process.  Stromal vascular fraction holds about 10 million to 40 million stem cells, which is a significantly higher amount than is found in the bone marrow.

Undergoing the procedure for stromal vascular fraction takes about four hours and involves a small liposuction procedure to harvest the fat, centrifuging the fat, and isolating the stromal vascular fraction.  After the fraction is isolated, it is then injected back into the patient’s problem area.  While stromal vascular fraction can be used for a wide range of ailments, it is most often used for orthopedic conditions, in which stromal vascular fraction differentiates into cartilage and bone tissue to help with repair and regeneration.

In addition to differentiating into various kinds of tissue, stromal vascular fraction also works by secreting cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors, all of which are integral to the body’s natural healing process.  Stromal vascular fraction can be used to help patients with orthopedic problems, neurologic problems, autoimmune problems, urologic problems, and many more.  One of the beauties of stem cell therapy is that the same therapy can be used for people who are suffering from a wide range of problems.  If you have arthritis and are also suffering from diabetes, a stromal vascular fraction can be used to help you with both problems.

Stromal vascular fraction is effective in a lot of different settings.  When performed properly, the process takes about four hours, and the fraction is centrifuged, diluted, washed, and isolated about three to four times in order to get the best and most pure results.  Stromal vascular fraction is a new method of obtaining stem cells.  Previously, they were primarily obtained through the bone marrow.  However, the ability to obtain stem cells from adipose cells is revolutionary and makes the process safer, less painful, and more effective for the patient.

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