05 Mar Where Stem Cells are Found and How does it Matter
If the term “stem cell” conjures up an idea of a rare type of cells present in a specific location, you’re mistaken. Stem cells, contrastingly, are ubiquitous in your body and may appear in several tissues and organs, including blood, bone marrow, heart, skin, muscles, and the brain.
In most parts, the cells lie dormant. They become active when your body needs to regenerate damaged or lost tissues. Stem cells have a unique ability to migrate and multiply in different types of body cells. In fact, they can replicate rapidly.
As you may find stem cells throughout the body, it doesn’t mean that they are easy -to- harvest for regenerative medicines. Note that the age and volume of stem cells are the determining factors when it comes to collecting them. Volume is a primary driving factor in collecting stem cells. It is because there are no conclusive ways to spur replication of the cells.
The age is of stem cells is another important factor as it may affect their ability to differentiate and reproduce into various cell types. Any latent virus can affect or contaminate them. And if the cells undergo a mutation, they can become toxic. As a result, they can cause autoimmune responses, and your body may attack itself.
All these factors are essential to consider when it comes to selecting body locations to collect stem cells. Let’s learn the types of stem cells collected from different parts of the body.
Why Considering Location of Stem Cells Matters?
You can find a large number of embryonic stem cells during gestation. The youngest stem cells have the ability to replicate into any cell type in the body. Today, experts acquire stem cells from the umbilical cord and its tissues. The stem cells concentrated from the umbilical cord have a limited ability to become any cell type. They are also referred to as tissue-specific. The cells can stay in your body throughout your life.
There are certain body areas from which you can collect stem cells later in your life. Bone marrow, for instance, is blood-forming cells and is rich in regenerative qualities. Your doctor inserts a needle into the soft center of your bone to collect stem cells. The donor needs to undergo anesthesia for the process.
Although it is best to collect bone marrow stem cells from the same person who requires them, it can affect the bone marrow. That is why it is better to find a matching donor.
Amniotic tissues and placenta are the rich sources of stem cells. The cells are present in cord tissues. Doctors easily collect them during stem cell therapy in Chicago at birth time. The placental tissues contain a mix of mother’s and baby’s stem cells. Experts at the Chicago stem cell treatment center separate the cells before utilizing them.
All in all, as stem cells are abundantly present throughout your body, their location may affect the volume and purity of the cells. Ease of collection and age of stem cells are also crucial for a successful transplant.