10 Dec What is Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Therapy?
Regenerative Medicine is a field of medicine that uses medical therapies that utilize or simulates the body’s natural healing abilities to regenerate and repair damaged cells. One regenerative medicine therapy involves the use of ADSCs or adipose-derived stem cells.
Adipose, or fat tissue, is the body’s readily available source of stem cells and other healing and regenerative cells. Adipose tissue has been found to be a richer source of stem cells, compared to the other sources in the body, such as the bone marrow. Fat tissue is also easier to collect than bone marrow. The stem cells, thus derived, are referred to as Autologous Adipose-Derived Stem Cells. Here autologous refers to the fact that the cells that have harvested from the patient are delivered back into the same patient’s body.
Adipose can be easily collected with a liposuction procedure. After that, the fat is processed to concentrate and obtain the stem and regenerative cells contained in it. These cells are then injected back into the body at the site of injury or degeneration. Stem cells have been primarily used to treat orthopedic conditions. However, there is a much broader range of applications in neurological and other chronic conditions.
In addition, ADSCs have also been found to have immunomodulatory, anti-scarring, and proangiogenic effects, making them promising candidates for stem cell therapy injections.